Symptoms of bladder infection

Pain and cramps in the lower abdomen, burning urination and persistent urge to go to the toilet are the characteristic symptoms of bladder inflammation.  

One talks of a urinary tract infection if bacteria colonise the urinary tract. This causes inflammation of the bladder mucosa. The body’s first defence mechanism against the invading agents is to produce more urine.

This leads to the urge to go so frequently to the toilet. The inflammation leads to spasms in the bladder and urethra, which makes passing water much more difficult and can lead to cramping pains in the lower abdomen.

Depending on the location of the symptoms, either the lower urinary tract (urinary bladder or urethra) or the upper urinary tract (ureters, kidneys or pelvicalyceal system) may be affected. Most urinary tract infections are limited to the lower urinary tract – an inflammation of the bladder.




Signs of bladder infection?


The urge to pass water is continuous. When using the restroom, one feels an almost unbearable stabbing and burning pain when passing water. Most of the time, only a few drops of urine pass, and these are often whitish and turbid and smell intensely. Any relief from passing water is short-lived, and the urge to visit the toilet returns after only a short time.

Summarized – the symptoms are:

  • Burning when passing water
  • Persistent urge to urinate – the feeling of always needing to go to the toilet
  • Foul-smelling, turbid urine
  • Lower abdominal pain

These symptoms are evidence of an uncomplicated urinary tract infection of the lower urinary tract (urethra and bladder), also known as cystitis. Please note that uncomplicated urinary tract infection is considered as uncomplicated only in adult women.

Individuals with particular risk factors for a severe course (ascent to the upper urinary tract) or secondary damage are referred to as having a complicated urinary tract infection. This includes the following groups:

  • Children
  • Pregnant women
  • Men
  • Diabetics
  • Immuno-suppressed individuals (e.g. in autoimmune diseases or following tissue or organ transplantation)

These groups of individuals should contact a specialist upon developing the first signs.

An uncomplicated urinary tract infection generally runs its course without great difficulties and can be cured after a few days with the use of an appropriate product from the Chemist or Pharmacy. In 5 out of one hundred women, a urinary tract infection may not even cause any perceptible symptoms.

You can use the self-test to check if your symptoms might point to a bladder inflammation. 

The following factors can increase the likelihood of bladder inflammation (cystitis):

  • A weakened immune system
  • Drinking too little
  • Honeymoon cystitis
  • Incorrect «wiping technique» after opening the bowels
  • Inappropriate intimate care such as overly frequent washing
  • Pregnancy
  • Diabetes
  • Menopause
  • Contraceptive methods such as the vaginal diaphragm
  • Long term catheters


More information 

The following home remedies may help to relieve the symptoms of bladder inflammation:

  • Drink: 2-3 litres of water per day
  • Do not overly delay trips to the toilet
  • Heat: hot water bottle or hip baths 


More information

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